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How Does Periodontitis Develop?

November 5, 2018

Periodontitis is defined as a serious gum infection that can destroy the soft tissues and bones that supports the teeth. Without treatment, it can lead to loose teeth and/or tooth loss. Though Periodontitis is considered to be common, this condition is largely preventable through proper oral hygiene and care of the gums and teeth.

Periodontitis develops from untreated gingivitis. Over time, the vast amounts of plaque and calculus can grow and spread beneath the gum line. Toxins from the bacteria in the mouth irritate the gums, which can cause gum tissue to pull away from the teeth and create pockets. The pockets can harbour bacteria and cause infection. As the disease progresses, the bacteria triggers a chronic release of inflammatory mediators. The resulting inflammation affects the gingiva, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, and cementum. With time, the gingiva loses its attachment to the teeth, bone loss starts, and the pockets deepen, which destroys more gum tissue and bone. This process leads to loosened teeth, gingival recession and eventually tooth loss.

Periodontitis has many forms, and the most common ones include chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis, necrotising periodontal disease and periodontitis as a sign of systemic disease. To learn more about Periodontitis, please contact or visit us at Toronto Beach Dental in the Toronto Beaches. We are here to help you achieve your healthiest smile!

-Dr. Jay Rabinovich

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